सर्गाणामादिरन्तश्च मध्यं चैवाहमर्जुन |
अध्यात्मविद्या विद्यानां वाद: प्रवदतामहम् || 32||
sargāṇām ādir antaśh cha madhyaṁ chaivāham arjuna
adhyātma-vidyā vidyānāṁ vādaḥ pravadatām aham
sargāṇām—of all creations; ādiḥ—the beginning; antaḥ—end; cha—and; madhyam—middle; cha—and; eva—indeed; aham—I; arjuna—Arjun; adhyātma-vidyā—science of spirituality; vidyānām—amongst sciences; vādaḥ—the logical conclusion; pravadatām—of debates; aham—I
Of created things I am the beginning and the end and also the middle, Ο Arjuna. Of all sciences I am the Science of the Self, and in disputation I am reason.
Adhyatmavidya – Among sciences the Lord is the science of Self-knowledge. We see that the modern world has made great advancements in all the sciences, and yet there is neither rest nor peace for countries and nations. Any rational thinker would naturally come to the conclusion that modern scientific achievements are not sufficient to bring peace and happiness to mankind. It is only Self-knowledge that can realise the inherent peace and freedom of mankind. The man of self-knowledge though he does not know any other science, is really the wise man who knows all. And the learned man who does not know the Truth is indeed unlearned and ignorant.
Vadah: Argument is of three kinds – 1. Vada, 2. Jalpa 3. Vitanda. The reasoning free from malice and hatred, undertaken with the noble object of understanding the Truth is ‘Vada‘. The argument advanced with the object of establishing one’s own creed and condemning others, is ‘Jalpa‘. And the argument used merely for the purpose of abusing and condemning other creeds is ‘Vitanda‘. The Lord is ‘Vada’ (i.e) the process of reasoning, questions, and answers, and debates which the wise undertake to know the Truth.