अधिष्ठानं तथा कर्ता करणं च पृथग्विधम् |
विविधाश्च पृथक्चेष्टा दैवं चैवात्र पञ्चमम् || 14||
adhiṣhṭhānaṁ tathā kartā karaṇaṁ cha pṛithag-vidham
vividhāśh cha pṛithak cheṣhṭā daivaṁ chaivātra pañchamam
adhiṣhṭhānam—the body; tathā—also; kartā—the doer (soul); karaṇam—senses; cha—and; pṛithak-vidham—various kinds; vividhāḥ—many; cha—and; pṛithak—distinct; cheṣhṭāḥ—efforts; daivam—Divine Providence; cha eva atra—these certainly are (causes); pañchamam—the fifth\
In the accomplishment of Karma, the five factors are 1. the (seat) body, 2. the doer, 3. the various senses, 4. the various and different functions, and 5. the presiding deity, the fifth.
The senses are twelve including the five bodily instruments (karmendriyas), the five senses (jnanendriyas), mind and intellect. Each of these has different and distinct functional capacities, and they are spoken of here as ‘Cheshta’. The word ‘Daivam’ stands for the presiding deities of these senses, or the unseen forces of past actions performed already and coming to function now.
Question: What are the five causes for the accomplishment of Karma?
Answer: 1. The body 2. the doer 3. the various senses 4. the various functions of the senses 5. the presiding deity.
Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 18 🔻 (78 Verses)