अन्तवत्त्वमसर्वज्ञता वा ॥ ४१ ॥
antavattvamasarvajñatā vā || 41 ||
antavattvam-Subject to destruction; asarvajñatā—non-omnis; vā—or.
41. (There would result from their, doctrine the Lord’s) being subject to destruction or (His) non-omniscience.
According to these schools the Lord is omniscient and eternal, i.e. not subject to destruction.
The Lord, the Pradhana, and the souls according to the Maheshwaras are infinite and separate. Now the question is, does the omniscient Lord know the measure of the Pradhana, soul, and Himself or not? In either case the doctrine of the Lord’s being the mere efficient cause of the universe is untenable. If the Lord knows their measure, they are all limited, and therefore a time will come when they will all cease to exist. Again, if he does not know them, then He would cease to be omniscient.