अदृष्टानियमात् ॥ ५१ ॥
adṛṣṭāniyamāt || 51 ||
adṛṣṭa-aniyamāt—There being no fixity about the unseen principle.
51. There being no fixity about the unseen principle (there would result that confusion for those who believe in many souls, each all-pervading).
The Sankhyas, the Vaiseshikas and the Naiyayikas accept a plurality of souls, each of which is all-pervading. Under such circumstances, there cannot but result a confusion of the fruits of action, for each soul is present everywhere, in close proximity to whatever causes those results in the shape of happiness or misery. Nor can this confusion be avoided by introducing the Adrishta or unseen principle, which is religious merit and demerit acquired by the souls. According to the Sankhyas it inheres not in the soul, but in the Pradhana, which is common to all souls, and as such there is nothing to fix that a particular Adrishta operates in a particular soul. According to the other two schools the unseen principle is created by the conjunction of the soul with the mind; and since every soul is all-pervading and therefore equally connected with all minds, here also there is nothing to fix that a particular Adrishta belongs to a particular soul. Hence that confusion of results is inevitable.