सहकार्यन्तरविधिः पक्षेण तृतीयं तद्वतो विध्यादिवत् ॥ ४७ ॥
sahakāryantaravidhiḥ pakṣeṇa tṛtīyaṃ tadvato vidhyādivat || 47 ||
sahakāryantaravidhiḥ—Injunction of another auxiliary (to Knowledge); pakṣeṇa—as an alternative; tadvataḥ—for one who possesses it (i.e. Knowledge); tṛtīyaṃ—a third one; vidhyādivat—as in the case of injunctions and the like.
47. (The meditative state is) the in-junction of another auxiliary (to Knowledge), which is a third one (besides the two expressly enjoined), as an alternative (where the knowledge of diversity is persistent) for one who possesses Knowledge; as in the case of injunctions and the like.
“Therefore a knower of Brahman, having done with scholarship should remain like a child (free from anger, passions, etc.); and after having finished with this state and with learning he becomes meditative (Muni)” (Brih. 8. 5. 1). The question is whether the meditative state is enjoined or not. The opponent holds that it is not enjoined, as there is no word indicating an injunction. The text merely says that he becomes a Muni or meditative, whereas with respect to scholarship and the state of a child free from all passions, it expressly enjoins, ‘one should remain’ etc. Moreover, scholarship refers to Knowledge and therefore includes Munihood which also more or less refers to Knowledge. Therefore there is no newness with respect to Munihood in the text, it being included in scholarship already, and not being an Apurva it has no injunctive value.
This Sutra refutes this view and says that Munihood or meditativeness is enjoined in the text as a third requisite besides scholarship and the state of a child. For Munihood is not merely Knowledge but meditativeness, continuous devotion to Knowledge and as such it is different from scholarship. Hence, not having been referred to before, it is a new thing (Apurva), and therefore the text has injunctive value. Such meditativeness has a value for a Sannyasin who is not yet established in the knowledge of unity, and persistently experiences diversity owing to past impressions.