अतश्चायने’पि दक्षिणे ॥ २० ॥
ataścāyane’pi dakṣiṇe || 20 ||
ataḥ—For the same reason; cā—and; ayane—during the sun’s course; api—even; dakṣiṇe—southern.
20. And for the same reason (the soul follows the rays) even during the sun’s southern course.
An objection is raised by the opponent that the soul of the knower of Brahman who passes away during the southern course of the sun does not follow the rays to Brahmaloka, as both the Sruti and Smriti say that only one who dies during the northern course of the sun goes there. Moreover, it is also written that Bhishma waited for the northern course of the sun to leave the body. This Sutra says that for the same reason as mentioned in the last Sutra, i.e. the unreasonableness of making the result of knowledge depend on the accident of death happening at a particular time, the knower of the Saguna Brahman goes to Brahmaloka even if he should die during the southern course of the sun. In the text, “Those who know thus … go to light, from light to day, from day to the bright half of the month, and from that to the six months of the northern course of the sun” (Chh. 5. 10. 1), the points in the northern course of the sun do not refer to any division of time but to deities as will be shown under 4. 3. 4. Bhishma’s waiting, however, was for upholding approved custom and for showing that on account of his father’s boon he could die at will.