विशेषं च दर्शयति ॥ १६ ॥
viśeṣaṃ ca darśayati || 16 ||
viśeṣaṃ—Difference; ca—and; darśayati—the scripture declares.
16. And the scripture declares a difference (with respect to meditations on symbols).
“One who meditates upon name as Brahman becomes independent so far as name reaches” (Chh. 7. 1. 5); “One who meditates upon speech as Brahman becomes independent so far as speech reaches” (Chh. 7. 2. 2). In these texts the Sruti tells of different results according to the difference in the symbols. This is possible because the meditations depend on symbols, while there could be no such difference in results if they depended on the one non-different Brahman. Hence it is clear that those who use symbols for their meditations cannot go to Brahmaloka like those who meditate on the Saguna Brahman.